Ask CyberGuru: What is the D: drive used for?

Ask CyberGuru: What is the D: drive used for?

Ask CyberGuru

CyberGuru is asked, “I have noticed on my computer I have several hard drives appearing. I know that the C: drive is the main computer’s drive, what is the D: drive used for?”.

During the days of text-based operating systems such as Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-DOS) the use of drive letters helped us to navigate between drives on computers. In order to select a drive, we would often refer to it by its drive letter.

Modern computers running Windows have their drive letters begin at C: for hard drives. The drive letters A and B were reserved the floppy drives. Over time, as more drives are installed into computers, such as optical (CD and DVD), and USB drives, these are also using drive letters.

The C: drive is often referred to as the system or boot drive, which is used for the Windows as well as important system files and program files. If your computer has a second drive or the D: drive, it is often used stores your data and documents. Sometimes, system manufacturers such as HP and ASUS include Recovery partitions on the D: drive as well.

This drive, depending on your computer set up, may be an actual second physical hard drive (such as a solid state or hard disk drive), or a partition (division) of the first drive.

In addition, if you have a server or Network Attached Storage (NAS) connected, we often map network drives to drive letters also (such as N: drive for NAS or S: for Server) to make it easier to find their contents.

If you have a question you would like to Ask CyberGuru, please contact us.

Protect yourself against recent computer processor vulnerabilities

Protect yourself against recent computer processor vulnerabilities

Protect yourself against recent computer processor vulnerabilities

There have been announcements regarding vulnerabilities in processors from Intel, AMD and ARM in relation to allowing cybercriminals to access data from your computer that is currently being processed on the chip. This may include your personal information, such as passwords, documents or photos.

Known as “Meltdown” and “Spectre”, these vulnerabilities have been found to affect nearly all modern computer processors on both Windows and Apple computers and can only be mitigated through updates to your operating system. In order for your computer to be protected, it is important to ensure you install the necessary updates for your internet security software and then the required Windows updates.

A second issue has since been identified regarding Intel’s Active Management Technology (AMT). The vulnerability also may allow access to security controls to be bypassed if someone was able to physically access a device using AMT. If AMT is installed on your computer, then we suggest uninstalling this or changing the default “admin” password.

As always, the best defence is to ensure your computer’s operating system is up-to-date, as well as your internet security software, applications, browsers, plugins and add-ons.

If you have purchased new computer hardware or software over Christmas, we would also suggest checking that these are up-to-date, and making sure updates are installed.

Please feel free to contact us if you need any help or assistance with Meltdown and Spectre vulnerabilities or further advice how you can protect your computers.

Three new year’s resolutions for business

Three new year’s resolutions for business

Three new year’s resolutions for business

As the new year begins, many business owners are looking at how best they can improve the efficiency of their organisations and often see their use of computers as one way they can do this.

Here’s some tips on how you can make these can set you up for the year to come:

Resolution one: Have a stable computer system

Check over your computer systems to see what you are using and make sure that you are getting the most of what you have already. You can work out a plan for regular maintenance and support for these systems. This may include performing hardware and software updates, scheduling regular backups and changing passwords. Similarly, check your website and install updates to your website content management system, plugins and themes.

Resolution two: Be more organised

Organise yourself by reviewing your file storage systems, and perhaps establishing a new folder structure. For example, files may be organised function or client. Consider using a new location that makes it easier for them to be accessed, such as a server, network attached storage (NAS) device or cloud. You may also like to look at how your emails are stored and saved and have this set up in a similar way.

Resolution three: Improve your knowledge and skills

Identified areas of weakness in your business and seek training or further education in managing these. Perhaps you could do with some Microsoft Office 365 training on how to take advantage of the new features, website maintenance techniques to increase the number of visitors to your website, or learn how to practice a new business method altogether.

If you are looking to set these new year’s resolutions but not sure how to ensure they fulfilled, we can help with these, please feel free to contact us.